Endodontics is the dental specialty that deals with the nerves of the teeth.  Root canals are probably the most notorious procedure in dentistry and the most common procedure relating to endodontics.  When a tooth becomes infected, it is usually related to the nerves in the root of the tooth. The infected nerves need to be removed.  If left untreated, an infection can turn into an abscess, which is a much more serious problem that includes bone loss in the jaw.
"Root Canal" has become a scary term for many dental patients to hear, but the benefits of the procedure and the advances in technology have made it much less scary. Local anesthetics and proper pain medication allow the procedure to be performed with little to no discomfort. 

The Procedure
The area around the tooth is numbed with a local anesthetic to start the procedure.  The dentist will then drill down into the tooth to create an opening into the canal.  They will then be able to remove the infected tissue and clean the canal.  After the infection has been removed, the space is then fill with a sealant called gutta percha.  It is highly recommended that a tooth that has undergone a root canal be fitted for a crown.  This will improve the appearance of the tooth, and will also  enhance the success of the procedure. by adding reinforcement strength.
There may be some soreness following the procedure, but that is normal for most dental procedures.  Over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen,  are usually enough to relieve any pain afterwards, but your dentist may prescribe medication.  The procedure will also relieve you from pain caused by the infection, allowing you to enjoy all the foods you love without any pain from heat, cold, or biting too hard.  If you are experiencing any pain, consult your dentist today.

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